TECHNOLOGY OF RASPBERRY PRODUCTION

Support for producers through expert advice and our agronomists’ field visit. We will briefly present the most important phases in raspberry production, and complete text is available in our pdf file.

I Economic importance of raspberry

Dear producers of raspberry, this text is intended primarily for agricultural producers who cultivate raspberry intensively, as well as those who start this production. Authors intended to help you by providing this form so that you would not make serious mistakes in your seedlings. Not knowing certain measures and procedures in modern production of raspberry leads to the reduction of yield and quality of fruit, and consequently to lower economic profitability of cultivating this crop. The wish of company Master food LLC is for all readers of this text to be successful in their endeavours to apply author’s knowledge and experience so that they would achieve the biggest possible production of ‘red gold’ to the mutual satisfaction. Without expanding the knowledge of cultivating raspberry, without knowing about new technologies of nutrition, processing and protection means, it is not possible to achieve good results even in the most favourable conditions. Hoping that this text will serve mentioned purposes, I wish all raspberry producers to have high yield, quality fruit and make as much profit as possible in the years to come.

II Making raspberry seedling

Profitability of raspberry production depends greatly on the location of seedlings, used seeds, technology of planting and cultivating, and quality of picking. This is the reason why knowing these factors and their consistent application are of huge importance.

The choice of location (place for planting)

The choice of location, position and land is an important precondition for a successful and profitable production, and in order to avoid mistakes before making seedlings it is necessary to study a series of factors– ecological conditions of location, climate and soil factors, and then decide about the given location. It is determined that flat or slightly sloped areas are the best for raspberry (8–12%), north, north-west or north-east exposition, which are located in highlands, at the altitude of 400–900m, near rivers or streams. Land exposed to erosion is not suitable, as well as land where mechanization can’t be applied. Land at south exposition is not suitable because it is exposed to strong solar irradiance and due to this it’s got unfavourable heat and water regime. On such land raspberry usually gets destroyed because of late spring frost and lack of moist during vegetation.

For more information look into the brochure

III Cultivation of raspberry seedlings

Pruning young seedlings

After new outgrowths have appeared, old seedling is pruned to the ground. Pruning of outgrowths planted in autumn should be done in spring.

Care of seedlings

Maintaining soil free from weeds is done through multiple processing throughout the year. Soil is processed between the rows by applying a great number of inter-row cultivations during the year at the depth of 8-10cm, and in the rows digging is done at the depth of 5-6cm. Upon deep processing a part of root system is destroyed, which leads to weaker growth and smaller number of outgrowths, which is not favourable.

For more information look into the brochure

IV Care of seedlings in the yield

The most important phases in the care of seedlings in the yield are setting the back support for raspberry, processing of land, fertilizing raspberry in yield, foliar application of fertilizer in raspberries, pruning and irrigation.

Back support

At the end of first year after planting or at the beginning of next one, it is necessary to set the back (support) for raspberries.

Processing of land

In order to keep seedlings free from weeds in loose land, it is necessary to process the land a couple of times every year. First processing is done early in spring after the pruning of outgrowths. Inter-row processing is done with a cultivator or a tiller at the depth of 10–12 cm (with tiller 6–8 cm), 50 cm away from outgrowths, and in the rows with a hoe at the depth of 5–6 cm. Using tiller should be minimized (1–2) to a surface level (6–8 cm). Spring cultivators which scarify land are better for use. The number of times land needs to be processed every year depends on weather conditions and weeds. If herbicides are not used, land needs to be processed 4-6 times between the rows and 2-3 times within the row. Using herbicides significantly reduces the need for processing. On slopes inter-row area is processed through cutting brushwood, which makes land at upper parts not move towards the bottom of parcel.

For more information look into the brochure

V Raspberry protection program

Modern production of raspberry requires efficient protection from diseases and pests in seedlings so that better quality of seedlings and fruit could be obtained. Eradicating diseases and pests must be done during the entire vegetative cycle of raspberry.
Protection program, recommended by our professional service, includes the highest quality products whose use surely provides the best results in production.

Spraying raspberry includes several phases:

  • The first spraying in the phase of swelling, i.e. shooting of buds (after tying)
  • The second spraying before evident singling out of flower buds
  • The third spraying upon the beginning of flowering (opened first flowers)
  • The fourth spraying in the middle of flowering
  • Seven days before harvesting
  • In autumn before leaves start falling

For more information look into the brochure

VI RASPBERRY HARVEST

Basic hygiene of raspberry harvest

Dear producer,

Do you know that raspberry can be infected with intestinal viruses? Having in mind that raspberries are not washed before consumption, it is very important to pay attention to the hygiene of raspberry harvest, especially the cleanness of hands and containers and that is why you as a producer and your harvesters need to be aware that your responsibility in this domain is crucial. Intestinal viruses such as Norovirus and Hepatitis A, are very infectious and can be transmitted through water, land, manure, fertilizer, harvesting equipment, and most of all through harvesters who do not practice adequate personal hygiene of hands.

Dear picker,

Hands must be washed with clean water and soap for the minimum of 20 seconds before the beginning of work and after each pause. If you are wearing gloves, before using them you should wash your hands thoroughly with clean water and soap, and gloves always need to be undamaged and clean. If disposable gloves are used, they are thrown away when they get torn, dirty or in another way polluted and replaced with new ones.

For more information look into the brochure

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